ANAHEIM – Beating the Edmonton Oilers like a gong was a special treat for the Ducks, no question about that. But it was the manner in which they thumped the Oilers that pleased the Ducks after a 5-1 victory Friday night at the Honda Center. Ryan Getzlaf scored twogoals and added an assist. Edmonton coach Craig MacTavish went with an extraordinarily quick hook after the first of Getzlaf’s two goals, replacing goalie Jussi Markkanen with Dwayne Roloson. “I don’t think I’ve ever done that,” Getzlaf said of driving Markkanen from the game. “I think that’s a first in my career.” Edmonton lost its sixth consecutive game and appears destined to miss the playoffs – oneseason after losing to the Carolina Hurricanes in the Stanley Cup Finals. Don’t expect any tears of sympathy from the Ducks, whose march to the finals was derailed by the Oilers in the Western Conference finals last May. What’s more, the Ducks have injury concerns of their own. Defenseman Chris Pronger did not play for the second game because of a broken bone in his left big toe. He is expected to be out for at least two weeks. And center Todd Marchant sat out for the 10th game because of a lower abdominal strain. Edmonton’s sickbay was jammed with so many injured regulars that MacTavish could dress only 17 skaters, one brick shy of the normal 18-man load. He then sent Markkanen, who had flu-like symptoms, to the dressing room after 78 seconds. [email protected] (310) 540-4201 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Corey Perry had a goal and an assist. So did Dustin Penner. That’s four goals and threeassists from the youthful second line, a sign the Pacific Division-leading Ducks (41-17-11) might not have to rely on one line for scoring once the Stanley Cup playoffs begin next month. “If we’re going to have success in the playoffs, then we’re going to need to play well and compete like that every night,” said top-line center Andy McDonald, who also had a goal. “It’s about balanced scoring.” McDonald was the fifth Duck to record his 20th goal of the season, joining Teemu Selanne (39), Penner (25), Getzlaf (23) and Chris Kunitz (22). No other team in Ducks history has had five 20-goal scorers. “We’re going to need it,” McDonald said of the Ducks’ newfound scoring depth. “They’re a huge part of our team and we’re only going to have success if they play well.” Getzlaf got the Ducks started on their fourth consecutive victory on their eight-game homestand, scoring a power-play goal only 1:18 into the game. The Ducks lead the San Jose Sharks and Dallas Stars by 10points in the Pacific.
Treat your mum to a scrumptious Mother’s Day Lunch in the 4* Radisson Blu Letterkenny on Sunday the 26th of March.Book a table of 4 adults or more and Mum eats FREE!Enjoy our AA Rosette Award Winning food with a 5 Course Meal: – Selection of self serve Starters including Fresh Fruits, Meats & Seafood Selection– Cream of Seasonal Soup– Table served Main Courses– Variety of Cheeses & help-yourself Dessert Buffet– Served with freshly brewed Tea or CoffeeVegetarian, gluten free & dietary specific options also available.Adults – €24.95Under 12s mains – From €6.95*One ‘Mother Eats Free’ per table of 4 Adults or more.Booking is recommended to avoid disappointment on +353749194444. Full menu can be found here: https://goo.gl/2PGzBSMum eats FREE this Mother’s Day at Radisson Blu, Letterkenny was last modified: March 23rd, 2017 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Felipe Andersons representatives have called for showdown talks with Lazio amid strong interest from West Ham.The Brazilian is on the Hammers radar this summer and they are trying to get a deal over the line at the moment.Negotiations have been rumbling on, though, and there is still no fee agreed for the midfielder.Lazio are reportedly ready to sell Anderson this summer if they can bank a huge fee from his departure.Despite that stance, though, progress over a deal with West Ham has been slow and according to Sky Italia the 25-year-olds agents have had enough.Andersons entourage have now organised talks with Lazio for Thursday in the hope a resolution can be found quickly.Last season, Anderson scored eight goals and recorded 10 assists in 32 appearances in all competitions for Lazio. Felipe Anderson in action for Lazio last season 1
Inspectors from the Health Information and Quality Authority (HIQA) have identified issues with accommodations in two of Donegal’s community hospitals. The state’s health watchdog carried out unannounced inspections at Lifford Community Hospital and Carndonagh Community Hospital this summer, where non-compliances were reported in both centres due to shared bedrooms.The HIQA reports, published today, highlighted six non-compliances with Health Act 2007 regulations at Lifford Community Hospital and one non-compliance at Carndonagh Community Hospital. An inspection of Lifford Community Hospital in July found that, overall, the residents received effective nursing and medical care. Residents were complimentary of staff and said that they treated them with kindness, respect and warmth.A major non-compliance was identified when some residents were found to share bedrooms which had four beds in one room.The inspector said there was ‘a lack of privacy and dignity’ for residents who stayed in the centre’s four multi-occupancy bedrooms. The issue was also highlighted during previous inspections, the report said.The layout of the shared rooms was said to be inadequate as there is no corridor between each of the rooms. As a result, residents, staff and visitors often walked through these private bedrooms to access other areas of the centre. The report also said that residents were being denied their right to be independent because the facilities of the designated centre were being used by other services. Patients who were attending the daycare hospital and the chiropody service were using some communal rooms and toilets.In response, Lifford Community Hospital management said that a decision will be made on the development of the structural issues relating to the multi-occupancy rooms by 2021.Carndonagh Community HospitalCarndonagh Community Hospital on the Convent Road underwent an unannounced inspection in July 2019.The inspector also noted that the centre had insufficient resources in respect of the premises, particularly in relation to multi-occupancy bedrooms and communal facilities. Plans are currently in place to reconfigure the design and layout of Carndonagh Community Hospital. The one non-compliance at the centre related to the premises, where two of the wards had rooms which accommodated three to four residents. The inspector said that the private accommodation was limited in multi-occupancy bedrooms and did not reflect a lifestyle consistent with residents’ previous routines. The inspector noted that plans for the layout of the new premises did not have a sufficient number of easily accessible toilets. As a result, the architectural plans are being reviewed and management said that the works are due to be completed by 2020.Overall at Carndonagh Community Hospital, the report found that residents were satisfied with staff support and their daily routines, activities and interaction with the communities.“Leadership and management was effective in ensuring that good quality, person centred safe care was being provided. However the inspector found that the premises did not meet the needs of residents,” the report said. HIQA inspectors critical of shared bedrooms in two community hospitals was last modified: October 31st, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Carndonagh Community HospitalLIfford Community Hospital
The Raiders’ season is effectively one-third done, and after a win over the Chicago Bears in London on Sunday, Jon Gruden’s team resides in a Wild Card spot in the AFC.Is it ridiculous to think they could hold that?Nope. Because given the way that they have played — the way they have won — the last two weeks against playoff teams from last season, it’d be foolish to say that the Raiders don’t have a shot at playing in January.And looking around the AFC, it’s clear that there …
Minister of Transport Sibusiso NdebeleThrough the 2010 FIFA World Cup™, we can tell the story of Africa – tell her story because we are proud.At the fourth and final 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa™ communicators’ conference, hosted today by the National Communications Partnership (NCP), speakers including Minister of Transport, Mr. Sibusiso Ndebele and Dr. Irvin Khoza, Chairperson of the 2010 FIFA Organising Committee called for all South Africans and Africans to come together to ensure that we host an event that will be talked about by generations to come.“As a country and continent, we will need to pull together. The 2010 FIFA World Cup calls for unity of our people because together we can do more,” said Minister Ndebele. Dr. Irvin Khoza said that South Africans must realise the enormity of the opportunities that are being generated through the tournament. The World Cup will be delivered on a far bigger scale than the Confederations Cup. To date, for example over 14 000 applications have been received for the volunteer programme.Dr Irvin Khoza, chairman of the 2010 FIFAWorld Cup Organising Committee According to Khoza, the psychological readiness of the nation is critical. “There is one show on the road at the moment and a psychological adjustment from all South Africans is needed.”Khoza said that South Africans need to be thinking of the World Cup as a 30 day commercial for the country that will be watched by billions around the globe. “The extent to which the tournament changes lives will be largely determined by the degree to which we use the tournament to build up to 2010.”The 11th June 2010, with the opening of the World Cup is arguably South Africa’s next defining moment. Historically, we have successfully hosted Rugby and Cricket World Cups, continental and global football tournaments, global conferences and four peaceful democratic elections, but never anything on a scale that is arguably larger than the Olympics.Khoza affirmed that the 2010 FIFA World Cup Organising Committee has a very good understanding of what is needed for next year’s event. “We must be relentlessly positive,” he said. “As South Africans, we have the tendency to be self critical. We should see everything in perspective and importantly, see the positive stories.” He referred to outstanding progress that has been made by 2010 FIFA Organising Committee over the past five years, through the building of six new stadiums in less than four years and the potential legacy that will be generated in terms of job creation, tourism, trade and investment.“We must be proactive and stay ahead of the story – not merely reacting to everything being said,” he added. The 2010 story is one of a continent that is being redefined in a historic way.“We must be Pan-African,” Khoza concluded. “South Africa 2010 must be pan-African in word and deed, as we stage a tournament that inspires all of Africa.” This tournament must ensure that our African teams feel like they are playing at home, as we celebrate Africa’s home-grown heros.” From Cape to Cairo, Khoza reiterated that Africa must stand together as never before – to create a sweet chorus singing the same song in perfect harmony.“This World Cup is the real thing. You must feel that there is something happening in this country. The banners you use must be larger than life. Every street corner must be filled. We must feel that this show is in town,” Khoza concluded. About the International Marketing of South Africa (Brand South Africa) The International Marketing Council of South Africa was established in August 2002 to help create a positive and compelling brand image for South Africa. At that time, the world was unsure about what to think of South Africa, with many different messages being sent out by various sources. This did very little to build the country’s brand and it was evident that to attract tourism and investment there was a need to co-ordinate marketing initiatives to make them more effective. This led to the creation of the IMC, whose main objective is the marketing of South Africa through the Brand South Africa campaign. There are many benefits to having a consolidated brand image, with the most important being that a consistent Brand South Africa message creates strategic advantages in terms of trade and tourism for the country in an increasingly competitive marketplace.About the National Communications Partnership Government Communications (GCIS) and the IMC are the custodians of the NCP. This partnership is aimed at forging alignment of communication among government and private-sector marketing and communication specialists.For further information:Margaret DingaloDirector: Stakeholder RelationsInternational Marketing Council of South AfricaTel: +27 11 483 0122
Frontier Advisory CEO Martyn Davies (left), Siobhana Cleary of the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (middle) and Mark Jennings, investment principal at Investec Asset Management (right) discuss capital markets, the stock exchange and private equity in Africa at the African Frontiers Forum.(Image: Tiisetso Tlelima) From left, President Dilma Rousseff of Brasil, Russian president Vladimir Putin, President Manmohan Singh of India, Chinese president Hu Jintao and SOuth Africa’s president Jacob Zuma of South Africa in Mexico in 2012.(Image: 2013 Brics summit)MEDIA CONTACTS • Brand South Africa+27 11 483 0122 Tiisetso TlelimaThe 2013 Brics summit, which takes place from 25 to 27 March in Durban, was the main topic of discussion at Frontier Advisory’s monthly seminar held at the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) on Thursday.The objective of the Africa Frontiers Forum is to promote an understanding of the business environment in Africa and to raise strategic issues impacting on the continent.The seminar is attended by leading figures from the realm of business and government who give their insights on a designated topic. It is also a platform for knowledge sharing and networking.Chaired by Frontier Advisory CEO Martin Davies, the conversation at this month’s seminar was centred on the Brics nations and what member states can expect from the upcoming summit.The Development Bank of Southern Africa’s (DBSA) regional manager for development planning, Dr Michele Ruiters, told forum attendees that the bank will hold a meeting on the sidelines of the Brics summit to discuss two main issues. The meeting will highlight collaboration on green economy issues, something that Brazil, India, Russia and China have shown interest in; and infrastructure delivery as infrastructure development is important in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region.The DBSA is the largest regional infrastructure bank within the SADC region and it invests 20% of its loan book in the region, according to Ruiters.She further stipulated that the DBSA is a reference bank within Brics, meaning that it’s a member of a financial mechanism forum within the bloc that discusses all the financial issues that might arise in collaboration on the African continent.Establishing a joint development bank“Our main focus is on unblocking regional projects which is where the Brics could play a role, that is, around collaboration on co-financing and finding new ways of financing large infrastructure cross-border projects, specifically because we find that most of the blockages that exist around infrastructure delivery are those on the cross-border list,” explained Ruiters.“This is because it’s much easier to fund country to country, but when there are three or more countries involved in a financial deal is more difficult.”She added that setting up a Brics bank – a joint development bank – would cater for these cross-border infrastructure delivery projects.A Brics bank, which will have a starting capital of US$50-billion (R443-billion), would pool resources from partners to unlock infrastructure delivery in Africa.“What we’re hoping from the summit is that we solidify and formulate our collaboration even more,” Ruiters said.Russian ambassador Mikhail Petrakov, however, told delegates that Brics should not be viewed merely in terms of concrete issues such as the development bank, but also as a collaboration on strategic political issues and as an opportunity to create a new world.“But for the time being, Brics is obviously concentrated on the issues of the economy,” said Petrakov. “I presume that discussions at the summit this year will be around key international issues.”He added that Russia was working hard with other Brics partners because the coalition is a priority and one of the country’s key foreign policies.The Brics summit will concentrate on Africa and there will be outreach projects following the summit, he said. “By doing this kind of outreach we attract attention from outside to Brics and we can incorporate other regions in Africa.”He drew attention to the fact that Brics is a young initiative, having only been around for five years, and it has taken a lot of effort to make the forum more structured.Moving from a socialist philosophy to free marketsMark Casey, head of the China-Africa Services Group and Deloitte’s technology, media and telecoms industry leader, who has travelled to the other four territories, said the Brics nations shared developmental goals and objectives.Their ideologies and perspectives are similar, and they experience the same challenges, explained Casey.“All territories in Brics are moving along an evolutionary continuum from a socialism philosophy to a free market one and I think that makes sense from the unique situation each country is in. I think all of them have a desire to accelerate progress towards that free market goal. Capital flow and investor confidence is high.”The importance of Africa producing products and not just being mere suppliers was also discussed at the seminar.“My biggest fear is that we’ve just been suppliers and not partners, and we hope that this is something that will change,” said Casey. “Africa needs to re-establish itself through partnerships and diversify its economy in the long term future.”South Africa’s inclusionSouth Africa was invited to join the Brics nations in December 2010 and Brand South Africa was involved in facilitating the process that led to the country being part of the coalition.South Africa’s inclusion into Brics has been criticised with some saying Nigeria should have been included instead.According to Brand South Africa’s research manager Petrus de Kock, the criticism is largely based on South Africa’s market size.“We’ve got just over 50-million people and when you compare that to other Brics nations there is no comparison in terms of population size,” explained De Kock.But he asserted that South Africa ranked higher than the other Brics nations in most of the categories of the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business index.“For me, one of the hopeful outcomes of the summit is business leadership, civil society and political leadership that come to the country to just have that direct exposure, and for Brand South Africa to take that opportunity to not only build our reputation but to actively build on previous experiences and mistakes,” said De Kock.He added that it would be important for South Africa to share its multicultural experience with other Brics member states and he hopes that South Africa will play a much stronger role in the future of the organisation.“The key outcome for me would be heightened awareness of each one of us, of who we are and what our societies look like, and a sense of the unique opportunities as well as challenges.”
sarah perez OK, Microsoft, I’ll bite. Will Windows Phone 7 give me my life back, letting me “get in and get out” with ease? Do I even want to live like that?Let’s find out.Stay tuned.*Disclosure: Microsoft provided me with the HTC HD7 for testing purposes.Image credit: Red-tiled HD7, Engadget There’s a good number of popular apps in the Windows Phone 7 Marketplace, including several old favorites like Amazon Kindle, Amazon.com, Facebook, Flickr, Flixster, Netflix (hey, you can’t get that on Android yet!), YouTube, IMDb, Shazam, ShopSavvy, Twitter, WeatherBug and Yelp, all of which are now loaded on my phone in addition to Foursquare. There are also some seemingly fun Instagram-esque photo filtering apps like Colorizer, Bubblegum and Photo Enhancer, which I’m looking forward to trying.Plus, Microsoft brings its own apps to the table, including Office, Bing Maps and Windows Phone 7’s many “Hubs” – the live tiles on the phone’s homescreen that organize updates from your social networks, messages, photos, games, music and videos and more.In total, Microsoft says it now has 11,500 mobile applications available.No Geeking Out with WP7?The phone’s tiled interface is easy to get used to, simple, even a little elegant. It’s a big departure from screen after screen of apps like on iPhone, and live updating tiles like the one from WeatherBug can give you that widget-like feel you may miss from your Android days. However, I get the sense that I won’t be endlessly customizing and tweaking my phone, as I did with the Nexus S, which makes me a little sad.But let’s be honest – many people don’t geek out with their phones to the extent of setting up profiles and using complex apps like Tasker for Android to automate every aspect of their device. They set up their email, install some apps and go about their life. (The horror, I know!)Does that mean there’s no geeking out to be had on the Windows Phone 7 platform for smartphone addicts like me? That’s the message I seem to get from Microsoft’s ads, especially this clever one (below) which shows how overly engrossed we are in our devices – to the extent that we’re missing out on life itself. What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … The first day I used the HTC HD7 running Windows Phone 7, the new mobile operating system from Microsoft, I couldn’t log into Foursquare. A friend on Twitter told me the issue had been going on for almost a week. The Foursquare support Twitter account had tweeted to those who asked that the issue was “being worked on.” No ETA on a fix was given. There were few complaints. No one, except for Microsoft employees and a handful of brave early adopters, probably even noticed. After several more days, the login function began to work again. There was no blog post from Foursquare about the issue or its resolution.Is this what it’s like to be a second-class citizen in a world dominated by iPhones and Androids? As I transition over to this new handset, that’s a key question I want to answer.Mission: Really Use Windows Phone 7During the outage, I discovered there were other third-party Foursquare apps to choose from, including a pretty great one called 4th and Mayor. Hmm, maybe Windows Phone 7 won’t be too bad after all?I’m determined to find out.My mission over the next couple of months, is to discover whether or not Windows Phone 7 is a usable device for early adopter-ish, Google-using, Android-attached smartphone addicts like me. Or you, maybe.To conduct this experiment, I’m using HTC’s HD7*, a fairly high-end smartphone with a 1 GHz Qualcomm Snapdragon processor, 5-megapixel camera with support for 720p HD video, 4.3-inch high-resolution touchscreen, 16 GB of storage…oh, and a kickstand.Early Press Surprisingly PositiveWe already know that many tech journalists, including notable Apple fans, have said that Windows Phone 7 is a good, if not downright attractive, mobile operating system (OS). One review that stands out the most in my mind as I begin this transition is from TechCrunch’s MG Siegler who surprised his legion of pro-Apple supporters by writing “Wow, With Windows Phone 7, Did Microsoft Actually Bring a Gun to a Gun Fight?““..Over the past few months, I’ve actually been pleasantly and continuously surprised by what I’ve seen of Windows Phone 7. My initial reaction? Impressed….I already like this better than Android.”Just as shocking, noted Apple insider John Gruber even applauded Microsoft for trying something different.“Good for Microsoft for starting over with a truly new UI and new developer APIs,” he wrote before delving into more critical thoughts.But from a devout Apple fan like Gruber, the sentence almost felt like a compliment. Related Posts Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement Tags:#Microsoft#mobile#Op-Ed#web Then there was the incredibly comprehensive Engadget review from now-former editor Joshua Topolsky which included praise for everything from the Metro UI (“we happen to like the way it looks”) to the software’s responsiveness and speed (“the most accurate and nuanced touch response this side of iOS4”).That said, Topolsky still found a few bugs and holes in the product, and concluded that the new OS felt as if it was “a good year behind market leaders,” mainly because of its lack of multi-tasking and copy-and-paste. An update bringing at least one of those features (copy & paste) happens to be rolling out now, however.While I consider Engadget’s detailed review the definitive resource on everything there is to know about WP7’s OS, I like to approach these things from an end user standpoint by really living with the device. Not for days or weeks, but for months. And not just using the phone, but actually switching phones.Wait, Didn’t You Just Switch to Android? As those who read this website regularly know, I switched from iPhone to Android back in December 2010. Despite a little bit of cheating, I can safely say that I’m currently, and primarily, an Android user. I traded polish for power by moving to Android, I recently concluded. Overall, I’m happier to have access to Android’s better notifications, its widgets and the deep integration with Google services the platform offers, than the perfection delivered by Apple’s iPhone.I use the Nexus S as my main device these days and I’m actually somewhat terrified to give it up – to test out this HD7, I’ll need to move my SIM card over to the HTC phone. (Both are T-Mobile handsets). I have to admit, the thought scares me as much as my first transition from iPhone to Android did. But I will suffer through… maybe I’ll even come away pleasantly surprised. Or maybe I’ll go running back to Android. Who knows?Get Started: Apps and CustomizationsFor what it’s worth, the issue with Foursquare occurred at the beginning of my switch, while I was getting the HD7 device set up with my apps, settings and preferences. It was resolved at some point, but I’m not sure when because I haven’t made the full transition yet – that’s happening today.I wonder, though: will other applications treat me as poorly going forward? What apps will I really miss by switching? What day-to-day tasks will be improved – or made worse – after spending time on this platform?Before I can begin to answer those questions, I first had to configure the phone to my liking. And for me that means apps and customizations. Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology
If you have a home with a crawlspace — or are building or buying one — you have several options on what to do with that particular foundation type. Most crawlspaces are vented to the outdoors, but over the past decade, encapsulating the crawlspace (as shown in the photo here) has gained favor among builders of green and energy efficient homes. It’s often seen as the best way to eliminate the moisture problems that often result from vented crawlspaces. But what do you do about the air down there?Before we address that question, however, let me point out that encapsulated crawlspaces are great for humid climates, like the Southeastern U.S. In a dry climate, however, it may or not be worth the cost to encapsulate. So, as always, do what’s most suitable for your climate.Basically, your options are to do one of the following:The tried and false method of venting the crawlspace to the outdoorsPutting a little bit of supply air from the HVAC system into the crawlspaceUsing an exhaust fan to move air from the crawlspace to outsideInstalling a dehumidifier RELATED ARTICLESBuilding an Unvented CrawlspaceProblems with Crawlspaces Vented Crawlspaces and the Psychrometric Chart Are Not FriendsAn Open Discussion on Closed CrawlspacesFixing a Wet BasementAdvanced Energy’s Crawlspace Web Site Let’s take a look at each of these methods.1. Vent the crawlspace to the outsideDo this in a humid climate, and you’re asking for trouble. The outside air that you bring into the crawl actually has more moisture in it than the crawlspace air you’re venting to the outside much of the time. Although the psychrometric chart shows mathematically why it doesn’t work, a look into just about any vented crawlspace in the Southeastern U.S. proves that venting to the outside is often a disaster.The photo of the moldy humidifier below is from a house that was only a year or two old. Although the home builder had installed closed cell spray foam insulation in all the above-grade walls and the attic, he left the crawlspace vented to the outside. The result was mold growing on the HVAC system.Let’s just say this is your worst option unless you’re in a dry climate and quickly move on to the better choices.Conclusion: This is your worst option in humid climates. It’s probably also worst for most climates if the HVAC systems and ductwork are located in the crawlspace.Supply conditioned air from the HVAC systemIf you encapsulate the crawlspace, adding a little bit of air from the HVAC system is probably the most common method used. If there’s already a duct system down there, it’s easy and inexpensive to do. The air from the system helps to dry out the crawlspace air.But it also puts the crawlspace under a slight positive pressure and the house under a slight negative pressure. Is that a problem? Not according to Advanced Energy‘s Closed Crawl Spaces guide:In Advanced Energy field tests, the small crawlspace airflow causes a negligible pressure effect that is far exceeded by the effects of duct leakage, stack pressure or wind-induced pressures in the building.How much supply air do you need to add to the crawlspace? Advanced Energy recommends 1 cubic foot per minute (cfm) for each 30 square feet of crawlspace floor area. The International Residential Code (IRC) recommends 1 cfm per 50 square feet:Conditioned air supply sized to deliver at a rate equal to 1 cubic foot per minute (0.47 L/s) for each 50 square feet (4.7 m2) of under-floor area, including a return air pathway to the common area (such as a duct or transfer grille), and perimeter walls insulated.If you go this route, it may work well in the summer if the air conditioner is sized properly. If the system runs long enough, it can provide enough dry air to the crawlspace to keep the relative humidity below 70%, where you want it.In the swing seasons, however, and in homes with oversized air conditioners, this method may not work well. Another thing about this method that I’m not crazy about is that you’re conditioning the crawlspace based on the conditions in the finished space above. The crawlspace has its own conditions, though, and may or may not respond well to controls in another place.Conclusion: Although it’s the most common method of treating the air in encapsulated crawlspaces, it may or may not work well.3. Exhaust air to the outsideFirst, note that I’m not talking about the crazy idea to put large fans in the crawlspace to exchange large quantities of air between the outdoors and the crawl. (Yes, companies really do promote this, and it’s a quick way to rot the wood in your crawlspace.) I’m talking about a small exhaust fan, as described in the IRC. Here’s the language from the code:Continuously operated mechanical exhaust ventilation at a rate equal to 1 cubic foot per minute (0.47 L/s) for each 50 square feet (4.7m2) of crawlspace floor area, including an air pathway to the common area (such as a duct or transfer grille), and perimeter walls insulated.So a 2,000-square-foot crawlspace would need a 40 cfm exhaust fan. It’s pulling just a little bit of air from the crawlspace. The problem is that you don’t really know where the makeup air for the crawlspace is coming from. Yes, the code specifies a pathway for air to move into the crawlspace from the house, but air doesn’t always follow those arrows in the diagrams. If the band joist isn’t sealed well, for example, it may pull a lot of the air from outdoors, which isn’t really what you want.Conclusion: It could work but is probably less reliable than supply air from the HVAC system.4. Install a dehumidifierIn this method, you use a stand-alone dehumidifier for the crawlspace. (Again, we’re talking about encapsulated crawlspaces only; although some people try, you can’t dehumidify the whole outdoors.) It’s controlled by the conditions in the crawlspace, not the house above, so it this method will do the best job of keeping the crawlspace dry.Brad Brinke of The Crawlspace Company in Virginia Beach responded to my question about this topic on our Facebook page: “We have a very good track record with the dehumidifier here in Virginia. We install a humidistat and fan system to help the dehumidifier operate efficiently. We tried using supply air from the home and it did not work.” (See the full discussion here.)If you want dry air in your crawlspace, a dehumidifier is the way to go. Yes, they do have drawbacks. You have to buy additional equipment. They require maintenance. If the drain fails, you may have a bulk water problem in the crawlspace.If it’s a small crawlspace, a standard dehumidifier that you can buy for $200 to $300 may be sufficient. For medium to large crawlspaces, however, it’s best to go with a more robust model, like the ones made by Therma-Stor. Their Santa Fe line is made for basements and crawlspaces. The dehumidifier photo below shows an older Santa Fe model made just for encapsulated crawlspaces.Conclusion: Although more expensive, installing a dehumidifier is the best method for treating the air in an encapsulated crawlspace.5. Connect the crawlspace to the house with a transfer grilleBoth of the quotes from the building code that I mentioned above include the following language:…including a return air pathway to the common area (such as a duct or transfer grille)…What they’re saying is that if you pressurize the crawlspace with supply air or depressurize it with an exhaust fan, they want the crawlspace to be able to communicate with the house above to relieve the pressure. The easiest way to accomplish this is with a transfer grille right in the floor, as you see in the last photo below.Advanced Energy isn’t a fan of this method, instead recommending that the entire floor be air sealed to isolate the crawlspace from the house. There are some good reasons for this. If, for example, the intent of the opening is for house air to move downward (as in the case of the exhaust fan), the stack effect may win out if the crawlspace isn’t perfectly sealed to the outside.Another potential problem is pollutants in the crawlspace air migrating into the house. These could be soil gases such as radon or fumes from paints, pesticides, or fuel stored in the crawlspace. Also, if the crawlspace access door is left open, it may not be discovered for some time. Meanwhile, the house is directly connected to the outside through that transfer grille.Is it ever OK to install a transfer grille? Sure. In the house where I took the photo above, there’s no access to the crawlspace from outside, and the owner (a guy who only recently learned the correct pronunciation of his name) doesn’t store hazardous chemicals down there (unless you consider wine hazardous).Dr. Joseph Lstiburek, whose transfer grille you can see in the photos below, thinks that mixing house and crawlspace air is fine in some cases: “If your crawlspace is ‘clean,’ connecting it to the rest of the house is OK. If it is not clean then you should not do so. In trashed crawlspaces sucking on them with a continuous exhaust fan works well. In clean crawlspaces up North, transfer grilles work just fine. In between and in the South, a very small amount of return air works fine with a transfer grille as does a small amount of supply air with a separate fan that does not blow cold air from the HVAC system but blows house air that is warmer and drier.”The bottom lineIf I had to say one method was better than any other to deal with the air in a crawlspace, it would be to encapsulate it and install a dehumidifier. Adding supply air from the HVAC system can be tricky and may let the crawlspace humidity go too high in spring and fall. An exhaust fan may be OK in some cases. One thing I’d recommend above all else, though, is to monitor the air. Install a digital thermo-hygrometer with a remote sensor so the homeowners can keep an eye on what’s happening to the humidity levels there.Now, go out there and turn those netherworlds into betterworlds! Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, energy consultant, RESNET-certified trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. You can follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard.
Congress Legislature Party (CLP) leader and three-time former Chief Minister of Manipur Okram Ibobi Singh, who arrived in Imphal on Saturday, said he welcomed the probe into alleged embezzlement of at least ₹332 crore from the Manipur Development Society (MDS).The CBI conducted a raid at Mr. Ibobi’s house and official residence. The CLP leader said that the guilty ones should be punished and should not be allowed to get away scot-free. He has maintained that he was merely the chairman of the MDS, “I did not sign a single cheque”. This is the first time in Manipur that sleuths searched the residences of a former CM and other ranking officials in connection with misappropriation of government money. Meanwhile, Mr. Ibobi said that most of the regional parties in India have assured the CLP of extending all possible help to the Congress regarding the Naga pact and the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016. The CLP team had gone to Delhi on November 13. Congress president Sonia Gandhi reportedly assured them full cooperation.Mr. Ibobi said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Home Minister Amit Shah did not even give a minute to the team with the result that Manipur’s viewpoints could not be presented to the central leaders.