How to Measure Panic in People

Posted On Dec 20 2020 by

first_img Behavioral and panic patterns shown by people during natural disasters or social conflicts are decisive in figuring out the final toll of human loss and material damages. During these critical situations, it is recommended to keep calm, as evidence showed in Japan when the tsunami battered the island in March 2011. To greater peace, less collateral damage to regret. But in order to plan contingency actions in advance and minimize the possible damages caused by panic situations is it possible to predict these patterns of social behavior? That is the question asked to Jaime Ortega, professor at the School of Physics and Mathematics and director of the Center for Mathematic Modeling (CMM), at the University of Chile. His response after submitting a computer program finished in Chile to the U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM) in Miami, Florida on September 24 was “Yes, it is”. It all began in August 2011, when representatives of the SOUTHCOM’s Science, Technology, and Experimentation Division collaborated with the US Army Research, Engineering, and Development Command to ask Chile’s CMM whether they considered it possible to determine collective behavioral patterns during natural disasters, pandemics, and other emergencies, so as to mitigate damages generated by people’s panic,” said Professor Ortega. To answer the question, Ortega convened a team of CMM researchers, with Chilean physicians, sociologists, and journalists. In a mathematical model, they grouped together a series of social behaviors from people during a given past crisis, so as to obtain sufficient data that is historically verifiable. They chose the H1N1 flu pandemic that affected Chile in 2009, because there is plenty of documentation on it. The researchers obtained all possible data recorded on this scourge in hospitals, the Ministry of Education, the Police, mass media, etc. Once the date in which the first pandemic death took place was identified, the professionals were able to analyze the impact of the news transmitted by newspapers and television on that day. This way, they were able to measure how many children stopped attending school, how many people visited emergency services, plus the characteristics of traffic on the streets due to the event. “We tried to understand people’s feelings and fear to find ways to suppress their panic,” indicated Ortega. In addition, they used information provided by the phone system “Chile Salud Responde,” [Chile Health Responds] which people call when feeling under the weather. Then, it was possible to observe a considerable increase in phone calls during the epidemic, and compare these calls with those made by people that went to the hospitals, and who were really sick. This kind of information was useful to measure human behavior. “This helped us develop a computer program to calibrate our mathematical equations with the data collected, and then obtain similar results to those documented in archives from various departments of government, of which the press talked about in 2009. All our calculations matched historical data. Further, this program has open and transferable codes, so it is possible to feed it with different types of information, so that it can be adapted to virtually any circumstance,” explained the professor, smiling. This project was developed with the futuristic vision of Juan Hurtado, Science and Technology Advisor at SOUTHCOM, who stated that “we must recognize the great number of top-notch, excellent scientists that hemispheric partner nations have. When we saw the work done by the CMM and we talked with Professor Ortega, we realized that they were ideal for developing the project.” Among other projects, SOUTHCOM’s Science, Technology, and Experimentation Division conducted research to evaluate radars capable of penetrating jungle canopies; fielded the All-Partners Access Network (APAN), that allows partner nations to connect and collaborate, and share information in real time; the investigation of military utility of nano satellites, manufactured at a very low cost; and the development of portable modular systems, called PEAK, which are capable of providing drinking water, situational awareness, communications exchange, and energy generation exclusively through solar energy, all tools that are crucial in case of natural disasters and other emergencies. “We hope that this tool to detect social behavioral patterns can eventually provide value to our Partners, by means of information exchange networks such as APAN, to mitigate indirect damages caused by people’s panic during these scenarios,” Hurtado concluded. By Dialogo October 16, 2012last_img read more

Mungara takes third Gold Coast marathon title

Posted On Jan 6 2020 by

first_img0Shares0000Kenneth Mungara wins the 2016 Gold Coast marathon. PHOTO/IAAFGOLD COAST, Australia, Jul 1 – Kenya’s Kenneth Mungara, 44, took his third win in four appearances at the IAAF Gold Label race, and Ruth Chebitok not only garnered the first win by a Kenyan woman but also took down the race record.Having won in 2015 and 2016 (the former in an Australian all-comers’ record of 2:08:42), Mungara was denied a hat-trick last year when Japan’s Takuya Noguchi sped by late in the race to win by five seconds. A final spurt from another Japanese runner, Kenta Murayama, almost thwarted the 44-year-old Mungara again this year, but this time he held off the desperate late charge to win by a second in 2:09:49.Murayama’s 2:09:50 was a personal best by more than seven minutes and a performance more in line with his 27:39 and 1:00:50 credentials for the 10,000m and half-marathon respectively.Denied the win this year, Japanese runners took the next three places. Behind Murayama came another big improver in Jo Fukuda, whose 2:09:52 was more than five minutes faster than his previous best, while defending champion Noguchi finished fourth in 2:10:15.Despite several strong contenders in recent years, no Kenyan woman had won on the Gold Coast in the previous 39 editions of the race.That seemed likely to change on paper this year, the two fastest in the field being Agnes Jeruto Kiprotich (also known as Agnes Barsosio) at 2:20:59 and Chebitok at 2:25:47.-Trengove drop offIt proved to be the case on the road, too, as the two Kenyans and Australia’s Jess Trengove led from the start, racing through half way in 1:12:17 and still together approaching 25 kilometres, where Trengove dropped off a few seconds.Chebitok sustained her pace pretty well all the way to the finish, crossing the line in 2:24:49, taking 45 seconds off the race record set by Abelech Afework last year. It was the third race record in as many years as the elite women’s field continues to be strengthened race on race.Trengove took second place in 2:26:31, a 30-second improvement on the personal best 2:27:01 she ran in the 2017 London Marathon. Barsosio, second at 30 kilometres, lost three minutes to the winner from that point, struggling home in third place in 2:27:46.The marathon and the associated half-marathon incorporated the Oceania Road Championships. Trengove won the women’s marathon championship from Celia Sullohern (fifth in 2:30:19) and Alice Mason (10th, 2:43:47).-Mungara prevails in three-man sprintOnce again, the Gold Coast course produced a close finish in the men’s race.Mungara won by 12 seconds in his race record year of 2015, beat Yuki Kawauchi by just one second the following year and lost by five seconds to Noguchi last year.Mungara and Murayama had dashed 19 seconds clear of Fukuda and Noguchi at 35 kilometres, but Fukuda had clawed his way back to the two leaders by 40 kilometres.There was little change as they dashed south along the Gold Coast Highway to the finish, Mungara establishing a break, albeit not a decisive one.Turning into the parkland finish, Mungara was clear and he held off Murayma’s late charge to take the win, 2:09:49 to 2:09:50. The gallant Fukuda was two seconds further back in third place.Crowd favourite Kawauchi, making his seventh straight appearance in the Gold Coast race, was off the leading pace by 15 kilometres and finished ninth in 2:14:51. He has a first, a second, two thirds and a fourth in the race.-Pace slowedAfter a first five kilometres in just on 15 minutes, the pace slowed a little as the leading pack went through half way in 1:04:20. The pace slowed again to 35 kilometres and the 35 to 40-kilometre split was the slowest of the race.Chebitok slowed at the same point in the women’s race (17:07 30 to 35 kilometres and 17:29 35-40), but by that point she had the win in her keeping, with a margin of 1:26 to Trengove who, in turn, was almost 50 seconds ahead of Kiprotich.The winning time was a personal best for the 27-year-old Chebitok, who won the Barcelona Marathon earlier this year in her previous best of 2:25:49.After dropping back at 25 kilometres, Trengove fought back to catch Kiprotich just before 35 kilometres and the top three places did not change from that point on.In recent years, the nine fastest marathons run on Australian soil have all come on the Gold Coast. Now it is the women who are re-writing the all-comers’ list.Chebitok’s 2:24:49 replaced Afework’s previous race record as the fourth-fastest women’s marathon ever run on Australian soil.The only faster marathon remains the Sydney Olympic race won by Japan’s Naoko Takahashi in 2:23:14, from Lidia Simon of Romania, 2:23:22, and Kenya’s Joyce Chepchumba, 2:24:45.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more


Posted On Dec 25 2019 by

first_imgA Judge has demanded that a man accused of killing eight people in one of Ireland’s most high-profile road accident cases be immediately psychologically assessed.Those killed in the Inishowen crash.Shaun Kelly, 24, is accused of causing the deaths of eight people outside Clonmany in Inishowen in July 2012. The case against Kelly has been adjourned on several occasions and was due to be heard this morning.However both the defence and prosecution teams said they were not yet ready to press ahead with the case.Both said they are currently awaiting reports including one from a psychologist from the Central Mental Hospital in Dublin.However, Judge Keenan Johnston said he was refusing to adjourn the matter out of the current sittings of Letterkenny Circuit Court.He said it was grossly unfair to both the families of the deceased and the accused that the case was dragging on.Both barristers Peter Nolan for the defence and Patricia McLaughlin for the prosecution argued that they were trying their best to speed the case along.Barrister James O’Donnell said he was keeping a ‘watching brief’ for the families involved in the case and said they were extremely anxious to get the matter resolved.Judge Johnston said both he and his colleague Judge John O’Hagan had tried on several occasions to have the case heard.“I am acutely aware that there are eight families grieving. Their lives are on hold and it is unfair that this is ongoing,” he said.He said he was not prepared to adjourn the matter until the next sitting of the circuit court.He adjourned the case until next Tuesday and ordered and told Ms McLaughlin to attempt to have a psychologically examined and to get a report on the accused.Judge Johnston then reassured the families that he will “do our level best to get the matter brought to trial as soon as possible.”Mr Kelly, of Hill Road, Ballymagan, Buncrana, was in court, accompanied by his parents.The men who died in the crash on July 11th, 2010 outside Clonmany were Hugh Friel (66), Urris, Clonmany, Eamon McDaid (22)of Ballymagan, Buncrana; Mark McLaughlin, (21) of Ballinahone, Fahan; Paul Doherty (19), of Ardagh, Ballyliffin; Ciaran Sweeney (19), of Ballyliffin; PJ McLaughlin (21), of Rockstown, Burnfoot; James McEleney (23), of Meenaduff, Clonmany and Damien McLaughlin (21), of Umricam, Buncrana.JUDGE DEMANDS PSYCHOLOGICAL REPORT OF MAN ACCUSED IN INISHOWEN CRASH was last modified: April 1st, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:clonmanydonegalInishowen crashShaun Kellylast_img read more

Raiders, Gruden can’t believe awful ‘roughing the passer’ call vs. Jets

Posted On Dec 20 2019 by

first_imgClick here if you’re unable to view the photo gallery on your mobile device.Every coach in the NFL thinks his team gets a raw deal from the officials, but Jon Gruden has a good gripe Sunday against the Jets.With the Jets inside the Raiders’ 10-yard line in the second quarter of a 3-3 game, Oakland needed a big play to stop New York from finishing off a long drive. Maxx Crosby delivered one, sacking Sam Darnold back at the 20-yard line to force a third-and-goal from that spot.But he was …last_img read more

Florida Development Will be Solar-Powered

Posted On Dec 16 2019 by

first_imgBabcock Ranch will be a built-from-scratch community emphasizing energy-efficient building, resource conservation, green spaces, renewable energy, and what Kitson calls “civitas,” which the company describes as a “basic hometown pride and a calling to participate and belong.” Not a golf communityHall said that developers believe the market has changed. According to Hall, instead of exclusive developments built around fancy golf courses, buyers are more interested in inclusive communities. So instead of building a golf course, Kitson is making an initial investment in the start of a downtown, with a K-8 charter school, a health and wellness center, and 50 miles of trails with trail-heads in each of the planned communities.“What we’re really trying to do at Babcock Ranch is to bring green into the mainstream, and to bring it into the mainstream you can’t price it out of accessibility,” Hall said. “You have to choose a standard that makes sense for Florida. If you go to LEED Platinum, no one can afford to buy the homes, and you can’t get the builders to build homes no one can afford.“By doing the utility-scale generation, that’s one way of bringing it into the mainstream, and by having the green build certification throughout the community you’re really raising the bar,” Hall continued. “At the same time, you’re not taking it to the point where people can’t afford it. Because it won’t be adopted if people can’t afford the homes.”In addition to building its own water and wastewater utility, Babcock Ranch is adding a graywater system for all outdoor irrigation, and is limiting landscaping to mostly native species.Half of Babcock Ranch’s total footprint will be dedicated to parks, lakes, and hiking trails. Nation’s “first solar-powered town”The community will be powered by a 74.5-megawatt photovoltaic (PV) facility being built by Florida Power and Light on 443 acres of land donated by Kitson & Partners CEO Syd Kitson. Due for completion later this year, it’s one of three new solar centers that FPL is building in the state. In an interview with the website Ecopreneurist, Kitson said the 350,000 PV modules at the FPL Babcock Ranch Solar Energy Center will produce enough electricity to power a community of 50,000 people. “During the day when the sun is shining, all the power at Babcock Ranch will be solar energy,” he said. “Then at night when the sun goes down, the grid will take over and it will be natural gas. The combination of energy will be the greenest in the country.”According to the report, Kitson is looking into the possibility of adding battery storage to the solar farm. “We’re talking to several companies about how we can do that, even at a neighborhood scale, almost like a micro-community of a system,” he said.FPL says that it plans to bring 225 MW of PV capacity online this year, tripling the utility’s solar capacity. Work is underway on Babcock Ranch, a new Florida community that will eventually include 19,500 single-family and multifamily homes on nearly 18,000 acres. The developers tout the project as the world’s “first solar-powered town,” calling it the “most sustainable” community in the U.S.Babcock Ranch is named for a sprawling, family-owned cattle ranch that once occupied the site. It is the work of Kitson & Partners, a real estate developer based in Palm Beach Gardens, Florida. The company’s portfolio includes millions of square feet of retail shopping centers, commercial buildings, and residential projects. Babcock Ranch is its first venture into sustainable building.Kitson bought the 91,000-acre ranch from the Babcock family in 2006. In a $350 million deal with the state of Florida and Lee County, 73,000 acres became a land preserve on which ranching operations could continue while Kitson pursued its development plans on the rest, according to a narrative at the development’s website.Babcock Ranch is in the town of Punta Gorda, about 10 miles east of Fort Meyers on Florida’s Gulf Coast. The first 1,100 homes are due for completion next year. When complete, a process that could take as long as 25 years, the community will house some 50,000 people. RELATED ARTICLES Houses will be energy-efficientBabcock Ranch will offer houses in a mix of architectural styles, which it said would include “Craftsman, farmhouse, coastal Gulf vernacular, Spanish, and colonial/West Indies … each sourced in the pre-World War II southwest Florida regional styles.”The first phase of the project will include a mix of single-family and multifamily units in price ranges intended to be affordable, moderate, and luxury. Residents can choose to live near the town center or in more rural settings. The development hopes to attract all age groups, from millennials to retirees.“We keep trying to remind people we’re building a town, not just a development, and we want to have the full stratification of prices because you’re not a real town if you don’t,” said Babcock Ranch spokeswoman Lisa Hall. She said prices would range from the $200,000s to the $900,000s.No matter what the style, houses will be built to standards of the Florida Green Building Coalition. The building standard is similar in approach to the LEED for Homes program in that it sets a number of prerequisites and then offers points for complying with other measures that save energy, reduce water use, and preserve native ecology.Energy raters must provide a HERS index rating showing better-than-code energy efficiency, with extra points awarded for a HERS score lower than 80. (A HERS index of 80 means the house uses 20% less energy than a house built to the 2004 International Energy Conservation Code.) Extra points are awarded for such things as completing the Energy Star Thermal Enclosure checklist, sealing ductwork with mastic, incorporating passive solar heat, shading the house with trees on east and west exposures, and keeping the washer and dryer in an unconditioned space. Large LEED Community Under Development in FloridaNew York Cohousing Community Nears CompletionAffordable-Home Development Uses Net-Zero PrefabsSerenbe: A Green Town in the Makinglast_img read more

Sachin deserves Bharat Ratna: Sportspersons

Posted On Nov 28 2019 by

first_imgDescribing Sachin Tendulkar as worthy recipient of the Bharat Ratna award, sportspersons from different disciplines lend their voice to confer the iconic batsman with the country’s highest civilian honour.”It is the government that has to decide whether he (Tendulkar) should be given the award or not but as far as I am concerned, he definitely deserves the accolades. He has made every Indian proud,” said ace shooter and Commonwealth Games gold medallist Gagan Narang.”Sachin is playing since the time when many of the current generation Indian cricket players were not even born and still his hunger for runs has not diminished, which is quite remarkable,” the shooter added.Star boxer Vijender Singh who won the gold medal at last month’s Asian Games at Guangzhou, China said, “Players like Sachin are born once in a millennium. His game has improved with age. He should be conferred with the Bharat Ratna for his achievements.””We all take inspiration from Sachin. He has a unique way of replying his critics with the bat. I have met him on numerous occasions and it is difficult to find a person as humble as him,” Singh mentioned.Karnataka’s Ashwini Akkunji was also in favour of the government bestowing Tendulkar with the Bharat Ratna award.The athlete who clinched a pair of gold medals in 4X400 metre relay and 400m hurdles at Guangzhou Games said, “Sachin has given numerous happy moments to his countrymen. Despite being so successful he is very down-to-earth, which is quite inspiring.”advertisement”Watching him play motivates us to do well for our country on consistent basis,” the athlete added.Earlier chess champion Viswanathan Anand, melody queen Lata Mangeshkar and world cup winning captain Kapil Dev also asked the government to honour the star cricketer with the prestigious award.With PTI inputslast_img read more

QLD – Level 1 Coaching Course, Mt Isa

Posted On Nov 7 2019 by

first_imgContact: Angee Lane or Glen Richardson, North QLD Touch AssociationPhone: (07) 4725 6133Email: [email protected]:

10 months agoChelsea manager Sarri: Hazard false-nine integral for defence

Posted On Oct 28 2019 by

first_imgChelsea manager Sarri: Hazard false-nine integral for defenceby Freddie Taylor10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveEden Hazard brings more defensive solidity to Chelsea when playing in the false-nine position, manager Maurizio Sarri has revealed.The Belgian scored both goals as Chelsea defeated Watford 2-1 in a valuable away victory on Boxing Day. But it was Hazard’s importance in defence that lead Sarri to playing him as a striker.Sarri told Sky Sports of Hazard’s position: “In this moment we need this solution because we need to be more solid defensively and with this system we can score and become more solid in the defensive phase.”Maybe in the last match, we played better in the first half than we did tonight, but today the application was very good.”I think [Hazard] played very well, not only for his two goals, but he was good with his teammates and in open spaces. I like him in every position he is a great player.” About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

20 days agoSavage can see Leicester boss Rodgers moving to Man Utd

Posted On Oct 28 2019 by

first_imgSavage can see Leicester boss Rodgers moving to Man Utdby Paul Vegas20 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Manchester United junior Robbie Savage can see Leicester City boss Brendan Rodgers finding his way to Old Trafford.Savage wrote for the Mirror: “Brendan Rodgers is leading Leicester City back into the Champions League – and he is a future Manchester United manager.”Don’t get me wrong: When I say Rodgers is destined for high office at United, I am NOT saying Ole Gunnar Solskjaer should be sacked.”I am not in favour of football’s hiring-and-firing culture, and Solskjaer deserves time.”But I’ve been so impressed by the job Rodgers has done since he took over at the King Power eight months ago that I’m convinced Leicester can finish in the top four.”The team he has built is so well-drilled, and so easy on the eye, that I would fancy them to beat Claudio Ranieri’s 5,000-1 title-winning miracles of 2016.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

BSJ to Develop Standards for Various Industries

Posted On Oct 24 2019 by

first_imgStory Highlights The Bureau of Standards Jamaica (BSJ) will be focused on developing standards for various industries during the new fiscal year.Some 65 standards for products and services in the building/construction, cannabis, bamboo and castor oil industries are scheduled for completion.This is stated in the 2019/20 Public Bodies Estimates of Revenue and Expenditure.The BSJ will also be collaborating with other government entities under the Enterprise Development for Export Growth Programme (Export Max III) to facilitate the improved competitiveness of medium, small and micro enterprises.Export Max III aims to provide capacity-building and market penetration support to exporters and export-ready enterprises.In addition, the BSJ will be expanding its online training offerings from two to four to include ISO 9001 – Quality Management and ISO 45001 – Occupational Health and Safety.The entity will also facilitate re-establishment of the Time and Frequency Laboratory to provide traceability and calibration services to sectors that rely on such measurements, for example, telecommunications and banking.The agency has forecast a surplus of $33.82 million for the new fiscal year, up from $48.22 million in 2018/19.The BSJ was established in 1969 under the Standards Act, and has responsibility for the Weights and Measures Act and the Processed Foods Act.The entity tests, analyses and certifies a variety of raw materials, components, and finished products on behalf of consumers, manufacturers, importers and exporters.BSJ provides services in the areas of quality control, calibration, metrology, training, and technical information, and is a contact point for a number of international organisations in matters pertaining to trade and standards. The Bureau of Standards Jamaica (BSJ) will be focused on developing standards for various industries during the new fiscal year. This is stated in the 2019/20 Public Bodies Estimates of Revenue and Expenditure. Some 65 standards for products and services in the building/construction, cannabis, bamboo and castor oil industries are scheduled for completion.last_img read more