Livestock manure is an option for replenishing soil nutrients in hay fields

Posted On Dec 17 2019 by

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest When hay is harvested nutrients are removed from the field. A ton of alfalfa removes approximately 13 pounds of phosphorus (as P2O5) and 50 pounds of potash (as K2O). According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Ohio harvested 2.6 tons per acre of alfalfa in 2016.Many hay fields are not pure alfalfa. The acidic soils of the southern and eastern parts of the state make it difficult to maintain an alfalfa or clover stand so a mixed stand of grass and alfalfa/clover is common. Stands in older fields are often just mostly grass. A grass hay crop will remove just as many nutrients per ton as an alfalfa crop. The big difference is that the annual yields from grass hay fields are usually about 1.3 tons per acre lower than alfalfa fields.Livestock manure can be used as a fertilizer source to replace nutrients removed through hay harvest. Pen pack beef manure will contain approximately 7.9 pounds of nitrogen (mostly in the organic form), 4.4 pounds of phosphorus (P2O5) and 6.6 pounds of potash (K20) per ton according to OSU Extension bulletin 604. Note that these are older book values and your actual farm manure nutrient levels can vary depending upon the animal’s ration, the amount and type of bedding material used and how manure is stored and handled. The recommendation is to sample and test manure at least on a yearly basis. This will provide a more reliable indication of the actual nutrient content of the manure on your farm. For more information about how and when to sample manure, Penn State Extension has a good publication available on-line at http://extension.psu.edu/plants/nutrient-management/educational/manure-storage-and-handling/manure-sampling-for-nutrient-management-planning.Let’s assume a livestock producer wants to use pen pack beef manure to replenish the nutrients in a hay field where he harvested three tons per acre of hay. Since alfalfa and grass hay both remove similar amounts of nutrients per ton, we can assume the three tons of hay removed per acre contained 39 pounds of P2O5 and 150 pounds of K2O. If pen pack beef manure was used to replenish these nutrients, 8.8 tons per acre would be sufficient to replace the phosphorus. However, a rate of 22.7 tons per acre would be needed to replace the potash. The 22.7-ton per acre manure application rate would result in almost 100 pounds of P2O5 being applied per acre, far more than was removed in the three tons of hay.A farmer would need to be cautious about using this practice repeatedly and growing the soil phosphorus level. It takes about 20 pounds of phosphorus applied to a field to raise the soil test level one pound per acre or two parts per million. So if the soil test level is low, the additional phosphorus from the manure would not raise the soil phosphorus level much in a single year.The key to using livestock manure to replace the nutrients removed through hay harvest is to get even distribution of the manure across the entire field. Having mowed hay fields as a teenager, where bedded pack manure was applied, I would strongly urge an even distribution pattern across the field. Avoid large clumps that will plug the mower or interfere with regrowth.If you are unsure how many tons per acre your solid manure spreader applies there is a simple way to make a determination. Make a heavy plastic piece that is 56 inches by 56 inches. Fasten it to the ground with weights on the corners and apply manure across the plastic. Fold up the plastic and weigh the manure captured. Many people use a bathroom scales for this. One pound of manure captured on the plastic is equivalent to one ton of manure applied per acre. Thus, if you captured 10 pounds of manure the application rate was 10 tons per acre.It is common for county extension offices to have farmers ask, “Can manure be applied between cuttings”? The answer is “yes.” Farmers commonly use liquid swine and liquid dairy manure between cuttings to replace soil nutrients and “boost” regrowth of the forage crop in northwest Ohio. There is the potential to damage the crowns of the forage plants but most farmers seem to like the results of the manure application. Solid manure could also be applied between cuttings instead of waiting until fall to apply the manure. The manure application should take place as some as the hay is baled.Liquid beef manure is also being used to replace nutrients in hay fields. Liquid beef manure we have sampled has contained 40 pounds nitrogen (about half in the organic form and half in the ammonium form), 35 pounds of phosphorus (P2O5) and 30 pounds of potash (K20) per 1,000 gallons of product. Applied with a drag hose, this can be an excellent fertilizer for a forage.A final cautionary note regarding manure application to forage fields: If manure is coming from a herd with animals infected by Johne’s disease, that disease can be transmitted by manure to healthy cattle. According to a publication from the US Dairy Forage Research Center at Madison Wisconsin and authored by Michael Russelle and Bill Jokela, the Johne’s bacterium can survive on hay. Therefore, those authors’ recommendation is that in herds with Johne’s, manure should not be applied as a topdressing on fields that will be harvested as dry hay.last_img read more


The Best Jobs Of 2014: Lots Of Math, Data And Code

Posted On Dec 15 2019 by

Parrikar back in Mumbai, may go abroad for treatment

Posted On Dec 3 2019 by

last_img


‘Court ruling twisted to allow illegal quarrying near Kaziranga’

Posted On Dec 3 2019 by

last_img


Jerie Pingoy shrugs off pain in return to action

Posted On Nov 29 2019 by

first_imgJRU star Alvarez captures NCAA MVP; Arellano players reap honors AFP official booed out of forum But with him finally cleared to go to action once again, Pingoy is just motivated to aid Akari-Adamson in any way he can in this foray in the developmental league.“It’s a team effort. They helped me get back on the court and I’m thankful for this chance. I just want to do my best to help our team in any way I can,” he said. Pingoy was just happy to once again be back on the court.“It’s great that I’ve already recovered from my injury. There’s still some pain, but I want to play and help the team,” he said in his first game back after his surgery which took out bone spurs in his ankle.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutPingoy admits that he’s still yet to reach his peak form, saying there are still instances where he feels pain on his ankles.“I’m just at a seven or eight. I haven’t fully recovered yet, but I hope my fast recovery continues,” he said. Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City MOST READ LATEST STORIES John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. center_img Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises PBA IMAGESJerie Pingoy didn’t look like he missed a beat when he made his Akari-Adamson debut on Tuesday in the 2018 PBA D-League Aspirants’ Cup.Cool at the point and dangerous on defense, the 5-foot-9 playmaker was at his usual self for the Falcons, finishing with five points, six rebounds, six assists, and two steals in their 84-75 win over Che’Lu-San Sebastian.ADVERTISEMENT Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH View comments 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting Read Next Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencerslast_img read more


Digicel Summer Promotion launched 10000 in giveaways

Posted On Sep 17 2019 by

first_img Related Items:digicel summer promotion, trina adams Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 10 Aug 2015 – In a promotion which ends on August 31st, Digicel TCI announces that there is a chance to win $10,000 with their Summer in the Fast Lane promotion. Marketing Manager, Trina Adams shared that: “There will be four weekly winners of $1,000 each in cash and one lucky winner will walk away with a year of free Digicel mobile, broadband and TV services valued at $4000.” Adams said entering is automatic for all Digicel customers when they do things like purchase their LTE featured handset, top up $20 or more, activate a postpaid LTE data plan or get LTE prepaid.” According to Digicel, winners of the summer campaign will be selected randomly each week and contacted by a marketing representative. Recommended for you Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Parker wins $1,000 from Digicel ‘More the Merrier’ Business Leadership training investment by Digicel in TCI executives Digicel NBA Youth Jumpstart Basketball Clinic A Huge Successlast_img read more


Silva – We lost our focus

Posted On Sep 17 2019 by

first_imgEverton manager Marco Silva rues his side’s lack of concentration after they managed to draw 2-2 against Watford despite taking an early lead.Richarlison gave Everton the lead in the 15th minute, but Coleman’s own goal and Doucoure’s header completed the comeback for Watford within three minutes in the second half.Lucas Digne rescued a point for Everton six minutes into stoppage time with a stunning free-kick from 25 yards.“The own goal is not fortunate as well,” he added. “It (the situation surrounding Richarlison’s goal) is part of the game and I understand Javi Gracia’s view in that moment,” Silva told Sky Sports.“It was possibly offside. I didn’t see it but he told me he was offside. After that, I didn’t see many chances for Watford.“The second half was different. They reacted and scored twice in three minutes but after the own goal and a missed penalty, I don’t understand how we can talk about fortune.“The game is not just about the end of the last minutes.Premier LeaguePremier League Betting: Match-day 5 Stuart Heath – September 14, 2019 Going into the Premier League’s match-day five with a gap already beginning to form at the top of the league. We will take a…“When they scored two goals in three minutes, we completely lost our focus. We started the match well and scored early, which was good for us.“They reacted which is normal. They had a lot of long balls up to Troy and Troy is a really strong player.“We knew before the match they would do that and they started to create more problems. At that moment, we had to put our quality on the pitch as well and play our game.“In the second half, our performance wasn’t normal and wasn’t the best. The game started to become difficult for us and we have to understand that was our fault.“Of course, we tried to make the fans proud of our team and we wanted to give them three points tonight. We didn’t so now we work for the next match.”last_img read more


Sony A6400 touts improved autofocus and object tracking

Posted On Sep 10 2019 by

last_img


Tech infiltrates board games of the future at Gen Con 2019

Posted On Sep 10 2019 by

last_img


Sonys Pascal stepping down as cochair

Posted On Sep 5 2019 by

last_img